Mosquitoes are the Worst
Mosquitoes cause more human suffering than any other organism -- over one million people worldwide die from mosquito-borne diseases every year. Recently mosquitoes have been proven to spread the Zika virus which causes birth defects. There are several diseases that mosquitoes carry that can cause long term harm.
Not only can mosquitoes carry diseases that afflict humans, they also transmit several diseases and parasites that dogs and horses are very susceptible to. The diseases mosquitoes transmit to animals can be just as harmful as human diseases. Depending on your pets immune system, they can even be life threatening. We are here to help eliminate these risks.
Humans are susceptible to the following diseases vectored by mosquitoes:
West Nile Virus (WNV)
Multiple forms of Encephalitis
Dogs, cats and horses are also susceptible to several diseases spread by mosquitoes including:
Eastern Equine Encephalitis
Where mosquitoes thrive?
There are over 3,000 species of mosquito worldwide and Indiana has documented 55 of these species within its state lines. Five of the most common mosquito genera in Indiana are Aedes, Anopheles, Coquillettidia, Culex, and Culiseta. For mosquitoes to hatch temperatures must be consistently over 50 degrees. Mosquitoes feeding and mating occur through the night until just after dawn when temperatures are over 60 degrees. Female mosquitoes are the mosquitoes that sometimes require a blood meal depending on their species.
One of the most common species to find around homes is the Culex pipiens which commonly lay their eggs in water sources such as container, bird baths, gutters, etc. This genus may only fly short distances from its breeding site, may carry West Nile as well as St. Louis Encephalitis, and has females requiring blood meals. This is a very controllable genus of mosquito as long as the correct treatment plan is determined and implemented. Aedes albopictus is another major transmitter of West Nile. Aedes is a very adaptive breed of mosquito and can lay its eggs in trees or dry areas known to flood. Keep in mind, it only takes a water bottle cap full of water to produce over 100 mosquitoes! These are the two most common carriers of (WNV) in Indiana. These two types of mosquitoes have both been shown through lab testing to be carriers of the Zika Virus with the Aedes being the much higher percentage carrier. There continue to be studies to research whether or not they are currently contracting them in their natural habitat.